WORLD WAR 1 DRAFT REGISTRATION
|The following is information about the WWI Draft Registration.
I have included a scanned image of my grandfather's Draft Registration
card so you can see how they look. In some instances, these records
can provide birth dates prior to records being recorded at the county level.
Also, there is information regarding citizenship & naturalization that
can be quite valuable. I copied these from the LDS microfilm and
the copies were dark to begin with, so I hope you can read them.
There were three forms that were used, and this is an example of the 20
question form used in the third registration.
(Click on image for larger view)
The second page of the card gives the person's physical description
and on the bottom of the first page, is the person's signature! Pretty
cool. Despite the "rough" copy, this was well worth getting!
All of Shawano County's are arranged alphabetically by LAST NAME on
two rolls of film:
|FHL US/CAN # 1674982
||WISCONSIN Shawano County, A - F
|FHL US/CAN # 1674983
||WISCONSIN Shawano County, G - Z
Please be advised that some of this info is the property
of others and is being used for nonprofit purposes.
World War I Draft Registration Cards
by Warren Blatt
|Over twenty-four million--- men registered for the draft for the
First World War in 1917 and 1918. There were three draft registrations,
which eventually included all men (whether native born, naturalized, or
alien) between the ages of 18 and 45.
One unique feature of these records is that they contain the exact
place of birth -- town/village, county/province,
state/nation -- for registrants born between June 6, 1886 and August
28, 1897 (those aged 21-31 who registered in the 1st or 2nd drafts, about
45% of the total). This may be the ONLY source for determining the
town of origin of someone who was never naturalized, or someone who was
naturalized via their father's papers before 1906.
During World War I there were three registrations:
At each of the three registrations, a different form was used, with
a slight variation of questions asked. All three registrations include
full name, home address, exact date of birth, age in years, occupation,
name and address of employer, citizenship status, citizen of what country,
race, eye color, hair color, height, build, city/county and state of the
local draft board, date of registration, and signature of applicant.
||The first, on June 5, 1917, was for all men
between the ages of 21 and 31.
||The second, on June 5, 1918, registered those who attained
age 21 after June 5, 1917. (A supplemental registration was held
on August 24, 1918 for those becoming 21 years old after June 5, 1918.
This was included in the second registration.)
||The third registration was held on September 12, 1918 for
men aged 18 through 45.
At the first registration, the following additional information
was recorded: exact birthplace, dependents, marital status, previous military
service, and grounds for exemption. At the second registration, the
following were also recorded: exact birthplace, nearest relative and address,
and father's birthplace. At the third registration, for men aged
18-21 and 31-45 (born between September 13, 1873 and September 12, 1900),
the name and address of nearest relative were also recorded. Although the
2nd and 3rd drafts ask for name and address of nearest relative, they don't
specify what the relationship is. Note that the third registration did
NOT request birthplace.
The registration cards consist of 24.2 million cards of men who
registered for the draft (about 23% of the American population in 1918).
|The records are arranged alphabetically by the name of the state;
thereunder alphabetically by name of the county or city; thereunder by
draft board (for large cities); thereunder alphabetically by the names
For those in rural areas, one should be
able to find a registrant's card by knowing his name and the county in
which he registered. In large cities and in some large
counties, the search can be more difficult -- knowing a street address
is usually necessary to determine the correct draft board. For instance,
there were 189 local boards in New York City, 86 in Chicago, and 25 in
Boston. (See "Finding Aids" below).
|The original draft registration cards are stored at the National
Archives - Southeast Region near Atlanta. These records are currently
being microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah (The Mormons) for
the National Archives. Since 1987, they have filmed states A-S alphabetically
(plus Wisconsin), over 3,500 reels of microfilm thus far. They will
soon complete the remaining states, T-W, and the resulting series will
comprise National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509.
These microfilms are available at the Family History Library in
Salt Lake City, and are thus available for borrowing through all local
Family History Centers. The films are also available at the National
Archives in Washington, and the twelve Regional Archives will receive the
films for the states corresponding to their regions as filming proceeds.
HOW TO ACCESS
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
|You currently have two avenues to access these records: either
from the National Archives - Southeast Region, or via the Mormon Family
To have the National Archives staff search these records for you,
get a "World War I Registration Card Request" form, or send a letter to:
National Archives - Southeast Region
1557 St. Joseph Avenue
East Point, GA 30344
Enclose a check for $10.00 for each request payable to "National
Archives Trust Fund"; they will return your check if the record is not
found. For each card requested, supply the full name, approximate date
of birth, and the place of residence when he registered. (A street
address is required for urban areas) The response time is about
Alternately, you can search the records yourself, by borrowing microfilms
through LDS Family History Centers. You can find the microfilm numbers
in the Family History Library Catalog (FHLC) microfiche, in the Locality
section under the heading "UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS - WORLD
WAR, 1914-1918", or on the FamilySearch computer CD-ROM under number
and Records Administration Draft Registration