I occasionally run across "bits and pieces" of information from old books or newspapers that just quite don't fit anywhere else in the web site.  Hence, the new page!  I welcome any of your "bits 'n pieces" that you might have collected over the years.  This could be a clipping out of a newspaper that isn't an obituary or doesn't "fit" into any of the other sections on the website. 

List of Jurors (May 1896)
Shawano Newspaper, Shawano Wisconsin  
The following is a list of petit jurors drawn to serve at the term of circuit court which will be held in this city, commencing on the 25th ___:
Almon Geo. Palmer
Angelica Robert Black
Belle Plaine William Harbeck, Ferdinand Krauze (Krause)
Fairbanks John Stern, Herman Spiegel, James Rhody
Germania Ernst Harning
Grant J. Radke, W. Oppermann
G. Valley Albert Bergner
Hartland Henry Zuelke, Chas. Ladke (Laedtke)
Herman Martin Raasch, Aug. Kroll
Lessor Helge Erickson, Ole Severson
M. Grove Martin Paulus
Morris Chas. Little
Navarino Wm. Conklin
Pella Wm. Westphal, Aug. Wichmann
Richmond Aug. Engel, Fred Steinke
Washington Frank Isstas
Waukechon Alf. Chase, Fred Stolzmann, Lewis Olson
Wittenberg Peter Vanderhigh
Shawano City J. C. Black, A. K. Porter, Henry Murdock, Joseph Gorliam
Birnamwood vil. E. Krake, G. W. Madison

Shawano County Journal,  November 15, 1934
Contributed by ShawanoGenWeb Volunteer
Rev. H. Baumann of this city celebrated his seventy-second birthday anniversary Sunday evening, when relatives and friends gathered at his home for a birthday dinner.

Rev. Baumann was born November 11, 1862, in Germany. He served in the German army and in 1888 came to America, settling first in Clintonville and later in Belle Plaine. He was ordained a minister at Acton, North Dakota, in 1894.

He was united in marriage to Miss Anna Schoenrock in Belle Plaine and together they went to North Dakota, where Rev. Baumann served as a missionary at large.  He came back to Wisconsin and settled at Bowler, and then to the town of Grant, serving in both churches. It was during his ministry in the town of Grant that the church which still stands on the corner of county trunk M, one and one-half miles out of Caroline, was built, largely through the efforts of Rev. Baumann.

Five years ago Rev. Baumann retired after 35 years of active work serving his God.  With his wife he has made his home in this city at 301 W. Fifth Street.  They have seven children, William, now a minister at Neillsville; Malinda, Mrs. R. H. Brockopp, Alexander, Minn.; Martha, Mrs. K. G. Brockopp, of Glidden; Walter, a minister in the town of Richmond; Ella, Mrs. O. E. Hoffman, Elk Mound; Vila, Mrs. W. H, Meyer of this city, and Emmanuel, a minister at Mavis, Minn. David, the youngest son, died in 1922.

Shawano County Journal, June 7, 1934
Contributed by ShawanoGenWeb Volunteer
In the last three days in June a celebration of the 100th anniversary of the coming of the Richie family to America will be held in Manawa, Royalton and Bear Lake. One hundred years ago three of the Richie brothers landed in America coming from north Ireland.

Their progeny now number into the hundreds.  They are located largely in three areas: Wisconsin, Ohio, and California.  The representatives of the family in Shawano are the Stanleys, Mrs. Charlotte Richie, and the Veslaks.  For forty years and over the family has held reunions in June without miss.  Because this is the hundredth anniversary, a three-day observance will be made.  On Friday a reunion picnic will be held at Bear Lake.  On Saturday evening a historical pageant portraying the true story of the family will be enacted at Manawa.  On Sunday religious, services will be held at the Congregational church in Royalton.

Shawano County Journal, September 18, 1930

Sunday, September 21st, the congregation of the Immanuel Lutheran church of the town of Washington, near White Clay Lake, will celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the forming of the congregation.  There will be three services commemorating the event: the first a service at 10:00 in the morning with the Rev. List delivering the sermon in the German language.  At 2:30 Rev. Wm. Schultz will preside and in the evening Rev. F. Droegemuller will head the service.  The Revs. List and Droegemuller are former pastors of the church.  The Ladies of the congregation will serve a chicken dinner at noon, and in the evening lunch will be served.

The history of this congregation is the story of pioneer days of hardship.  In 1872, Rev. Peter Dicke, the first Lutheran minister in the town of Washington induced the residents of that community to assemble in religious services.  In 1889 the congregation was formed.  It was a very small congregation, but all of its members were faithful.  None of the members of the original congregation are living, but there are two men, sons of these old members who are now part of the present congregation.  They are Karl Fischer and Frederich Moesch.  In 1881 the contract for the building of the first church was let to Wm. Mayer for the sum of thirty-four dollars.  This building was very crude, made of logs and rough home-made benches were placed in the church.  In 1888 they built the parsonage.  The little log church served the community for many years and as the congregation increased the members were able to abandon the old log building for a better one and a frame structure was erected, 1892.

This served their needs until 1923 when a new brick building was erected.  The present church is a very beautiful edifice, and has just recently been painted and redecorated, the work done by an outside artist.

The ministers who have served the congregation since its formation are: Rev. O. List, Rev. Droegemuller, Rev. Paul Kolb, Rev. L. Schultz and Rev. H. F. Braum, the present pastor, who has had charge of this pastorate since 1919.

Shawano Advocate Newspaper, April 6, 1906

Letter Read by M. Wescott at the Club Meeting at O. Andrews 

We have met here today at the kind invitation of our respected host, Orlin Andrews.  Not as much to enjoy a feast which none know better how to provide than he and his beloved wife, as to bring together the early settlers of fifty years ago, where we can refresh our recollections of early experiences and with pride and pleasure relate some of the maiden adventures and social events of the early settlement of Shawano County fifty years ago.

This carries me back to the time when Lucina Murray, J. M. and Edward Robinson(?), Charles Munn, the Grimmer family (?) and some others whose names I can not recall, were enrolled as school children in School Dist. No. 1 were we attended regularly when the weather was not too cold or the snow too deep(?) to permit us to go fishing.

Speaking of our school days, reminds me of when Orlin was our teacher.  I and one of the other boys, violated the rules of the school by trying to settle a dispute according to the approved style of the times.  I do not remember which came out best in the encounter, but the question, as we supposed was settled, but Orlin hearing of it, would not let the matter go on that way, and forthwith sent me out to cut a blue beach.  I did not know who it was cut for and cut a good one, but I soon found out and got the full benefit of it.  I, of course thought myself unjustly punished and was planning all sorts of revenge but soon after the other fellow for some offense took the same dose of blue beach, which went a long way in healing the sore spots and made the plank seats much more comfortable for me.

As I look back now and think of the long journey from New York here, consuming two long weeks on the way, and the frequent changes necessary from stage coach to cars, from cars to steamboat and finally ending in a three days trip in an open row boat.  I realize the courage and determination of our fathers to face the hardships and unknown dangers to be encountered in the settlement of the then wilds of Wisconsin.  Especially when we take into consideration the fact that they were leaving behind all the comforts of civilization, homes, friends, relatives, and the association of their childhood days, to penetrate the wilds of the west, there  from the unbroken forest hew out a home for themselves and their little ones.  Little does the rising generation of today realize the hardship, privations, and dangerous they often endured.

The first white man to make a permanent settlement in Shawano County was Charles D. Wescott, who came here in 1843.  At the time, my father moved here ten or more years later there was no roads or way of communicating with the outside world except by weekly or semi-monthly mail carried on horse back or on foot from New London, the nearest settlement over an Indian trail.

If I remember rightly, the town of New London consisted of a small log store, a steamboat dock and two or three log or board houses.  I think we stayed overnight in one of the log  houses before resuming our journey up wolf River in an open rowboat , propelled by six lusty Indians, arriving here on the third day, camping out on the bank of the river at night.  The picture we presented  on that first night camping out presented a wild scene to me, although but a small boy , but one I have never forgotten.  The night was cold and frosty.  A shelter was provided by spreading blankets and canvas over poles slanting windward and a huge log fire burning in the center.  On one side was my father, my mother tired and weary from the long journey, and the constant care of her youngest child, Addie, only a few weeks old.  My sister Annie, who had been sick during the whole voyage, myself and brothers Sheldron and Johnny and Lucy Olmsted occupied one side of the camp and Grandfather and Grandmother Wescott, Uncle Wm. E. Wescott and Lydia Wescott occupied the other side.  The Indian crew was camped near by.  It was a wild scene to me and to all of us who were unaccustomed to camp life.

The following year our little colony was increased by the arrival of Myron McCord Sr. and his family, soon after James Munn and Family, Ogden Brooks and family, Francis Robinson and family, and Nelson Olmstead and two daughters, and J. Y. Olmstead settled here.  I think there were other families that came here about that time, but only lived here a few months.  As I remember them, the names of the families who were living here at the time we came, were C. D. Wescott, David Maxfield, James Whitehouse, James Alexander, William and James Grimmer, Joseph Maurer, Julius A. Murray, Mrs. Semple and her three sons James, Parlan, and Archi and her daughter, now Mrs. Hammond, Abial Richmond, Harry and William Sanders and E. F. Senger. Capt. Con. Powell, James Cowan, the Dousmans and John and Wiley were living at or near Keshena and William Allender, who kept a stopping place at the crossing of the Embarrass River.  In the fall of 1854 the little colony experienced a hard time, cold weather set in early in the fall and the barges laden with the winter supplies were frozen in between Shiocton and the Red Banks and it was near Christmas before the teams could be got to them.  During this time, flour and salt meats were a scarce article but as there was a fairly good crop of wild rice gathered by the Indians, which, with the fish and wild game, supplied from the lake and forest, the settlement was tided over until the barge supplies were brought up by teams.

I have perhaps taken more than my share of time already, for there are others we wish to hear from; but I cannot close without paying a brief tribute of appreciation and respect to the hardy and noble pioneers who were so instrumental in blazing the way, whose latch string was always on the outside and the new comer was always received and welcomed.  Little did they know that they were opening the way for the thousands who have since followed after them and have established happy and prosperous homes within the bounds of our county.

FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY of the Pella Opening Church
Shawano Journal, September 13, 1928

The St. Peter’s Lutheran Church of Pella Opening will commemorate their fiftieth anniversary next Sunday, Sept. 1, at their church in Pella Opening.  The congregation was established fifty years ago in 1878, and the first church building was built that year.

To fittingly commemorate the happy occasion of their fiftieth anniversary, services will be held in the morning and in the afternoon.  At 10 o’clock a.m., Rev. C. H. Schilling of Amherst, former pastor of the church, will preach in the German language.  At noon the ladies of the congregation will serve a sumptuous chicken dinner.  Afternoon services will start at 2:30 when Prof. Barth, of the Concordia College of Milwaukee, a son of the first pastor of the St. Peter’s church, will preach in the German language.  A short English service will also follow the German in the afternoon.

Special music will be furnished by the Belle Plaine band, refreshments will be served on the ground and arrangements are made to receive a large crowd on this occasion.  The congregation extends a cordial invitation to friends of the church and the public generally to join with them in the celebration of this memorable anniversary.

Green Bay Press-Gazette, August 30, 1935
Public Observance is Arranged for Sunday.

(Special to Press-Gazette)
PULASKI, Wis.—The village of Cecil will celebrate its 50th birthday Sunday with a gay party befitting the occasion.  Everyone in the village has put forth his best effort to make the day a memorable one for those attending the event.

There will be a grand old time parade, kitten ball games with a quarter-barrel of beer as the prize to the winning team, a baseball game between Cecil and Zachow, guessing games, beer drinking, and pie eating contests, fat men’s and women’s races, and a tug of war.  In fact there will be every type of contest and game that goes to make up a huge party.  Three bands, the Platten Brothers’ brass band of Green Bay, the Shawano Pretzel band, and the Cecil band are to furnish the music.  There will be dancing afternoon and evening.

Timber Brought Settlers
It was the tall timber and agricultural possibilities that first brought the early settlers to Cecil.    Mose Curtis, John McNair, M. Alberts and John Freeborn, Sr., came from Oshkosh by team through Bonduel, to start logging in the area around White Clay lake, Shawano lake, and the surrounding territory.  Hauling their logs over Mud lake to Shawano lake, they met the usual hardships of pioneers.  They broke a span of valuable horses, broke through ice several times until they dredged a channel through Mud lake, built a dam in the creek and floated logs into Shawano lake, down the Wolf River and thence down to Oshkosh.

In 1884 the first railroad through the town was finished and it was then that the settlement really grew.  The depot was built on posts over a water hole but later moved to its present location.  Shortly after this H. Bocher constructed the Washington house and the W. C. Zachow company started business.

The fact that there was no railroad running through eastern Shawano county made it necessary that all freight for Bonduel be received at Cecil.  Following storms the roads were often muddy and impassible.  Recognizing the need for a grain market, W. C. Zachow put up an elevator.  The railroad also provided beneficial to the farmers.  Because of it a timber market grew and residents were able to sell logs cleared from their land.

It was after completion of the railroad that the town was “christened” taking its name from a daughter of one of the railroad officials.

Built First School
In the fall of 1885 the first school was built and Miss Mary Naber, now Mrs. W. C. Zachow, became the first teacher.  The year 1890 found a new source of income.   The Wisconsin Ice company of Milwaukee and Armstrong brothers of Indianapolis erected a large icehouse and employed about 500 men in cutting and shipping ice.

The village was incorporated in 1905, with A. von Heimburg acting as first president with Joseph Grab, William J. Fagan, J. H. Kuehl, Jacob Meyer, William Freeborn, and Chris Hinkle as trustees, P. J. Meyer, clerk, H. Bocher, treasurer, and F. Issas, supervisor.  Conrad Adderholdt acted as marshal.  A village hall was built and the first graded school in Shawano county was erected in Cecil.   In 1906 the State Bank was organized with H. Bocher as president, W. C. Zachow as vice president, and J. H. Kuehl as cashier.  It was through the efforts of the Rev. J. H. H. Bierbaum that a church was constructed.

Paul Meyer organized the telephone company in 1909 and in 1922 the Badger Utility company of Pulaski built power lines into Cecil.

Today the lakeside village has changed to quite an extent.  Once a formidable logging market it is quiet resort town with a population of approximately 500.  Among the members of the village board are William Moede, president, Clarence W. Schroeder, Nick Markooth, August Koehler, Henry Engle, Herman Miller, and Art Rosnow, trustees.  Acting village marshall is Clarence Lemke.

Old Car Will Run
The three men in charge of the celebration and to whom most of the credit for the cooperation of the townspeople is due are W. C. Bast, August Heller, and L. W. Smits.

One of the interesting features in the parade will be a 1906 Buick.  At present it is being repaired by Charles Bartels who claims it will be in running order for the procession.  It was the 718th Buick put out by the automobile company, and was driven to Cecil from Chicago by a chauffeur and Jessie Scheller for the owner, Henry Scheller.

Indians’ Bible Kept in Vault
Milwaukee Journal, July 17, 1927
Gift of Prince of Wales in Treasure of Little Church

Shawano, Wis. – In the little frame Presbyterian church at Red Springs is a Bible presented to the Stockbridge Indians in 1742 by George III when he was Prince of Wales.

When the Stockbridge’s migrated from Massachusetts they carried the Bible, which is in two volumes and weighs 36 pounds.  They brought it with them when they came in 1856 to the reservation set aside for them in northern Wisconsin.

Then it disappeared and the tribe was disconsolate, for surely the wrath of the white God would fall upon them.

Found in Rubbish Heap
Andrew Jamison Minnesota Kuni, a descendant of those earlier Stockbridges, was poking aimlessly about a rubbish heap in 1875 when he saw what looked like a piece of good leather.  He dug around it and uncovered the old Bible with thick leather binding, and its inscription, “Given by his royal highness, George, prince of Wales, to the governor of Massachusetts colony, for the benefit of the Stockbridge Indians.”

The pages of the book bestowed by the paunchy monarch when he was still the hope of a nation are yellowed with age.  Slipped between the leaves, the old Indian found a picture of Jonathon Edwards, first missionary to the Stockbridge Indians, and later president of Princeton University.

Kuni kept the Bible in his own possession for 30 years, only taking it out from time to time to show the devout among his own people or curious tourists.  The number of these latter was constantly increasing: the fame of the old book spread as far as Philadelphia and people came from there to see it.

Combination Is Secret
Ten years ago he consented to let it be kept in the church in a small safe, but he alone has the combination of that safe.

“I’ve tried to get it from him many a time,” says the Rev. McGreaham, pastor of the church for some years, “but he just laughs and says he’ll give it to me before one of us dies.”

And now Andrew Jamison Minnesota Kuni is dying.  He has been ill for a long time and he has not long to live.  Unless he gives up the combination before his death, it may be necessary at some future time to blast open the safe to bring forth King George’s Bible.

Milwaukee Sentinel, February 17, 1895

Besides the Common Branches of Learning the Young Indians Are Instructed in Farming, Wagon Work, Shoemaking and Other Industrial Arts—Girls Are Taught Housekeeping, Sewing and Dressmaking.

Shawano, Wis.  Feb. 15—The United Sates government has shown faith in the value of education for its Indian wards—a faith that has been more than justified by the results of the educational work at the government schools which are in successful operation in all parts of the country where the Indian population is large enough to justify it.

Northern Wisconsin affords a fine opportunity for educational work among the Indians and this work is being especially well done on the Oneida, Stockbridge and Menominee reservations in Shawano county.

In the winter of 1865 the only Indian school in Shawano county was located at Keshena, about eight miles north of Shawano city on the Menominee reservation.  The school house was a little one-story wooden building, with high board seats, and the teachers were Mrs. Rosella Dousman (better known among the Indians as “Mother Dousman”) and her two daughters, Misses Kate and Jane Dousman.

The winter of 1895 shows that in this past thirty years great progress has been made in educational work among the Indians.  The schools are now housed in large and comfortable buildings with efficient teachers, and every educational advantage; with a course of nine years and a list of text books similar to those used in the state schools.

The school houses at Keshena consists of the government buildings, with a building for boys, one for girls, a large industrial workshop, a farm barn and 170 acres of farming land, the buildings include sleeping and boarding accommodations for about 150 pupils.  The employees number sixteen—seven male and nine female—of whom five are Indians.  The superintendent is Leslie Watson, who ranks high as an educator and has been superintendent for several years.

At Oneida is located another government school with two brick school houses, an industrial building, a farm barn and a farm of eighty acres.  The buildings furnish accommodations for about eighty-five pupils.  The superintendent is Charles F. Peirce.

In addition to the government boarding schools there are several day schools, as follows: Stockbridge reservation, attendance 40; Oneida reservation No. 1, 30; Oneida reservation No. 2 21; Oneida reservation No. 3, 35.

The Menominee Indian reservation has three day schools with an attendance of over 100.

In addition to the government boarding schools there are twp large contract boarding schools.  St, Joseph’s (Catholic) at Keshena, has accommodations for 200 pupils and eleven teachers.  The government pays $108 for each pupil per annum.  The Wittenberg (Lutheran) school is located in Wittenberg, Shawano county, and has accommodations for about 200 pupils.  The superintendent is A. Jacobson and the pupils come largely from the Winnebago Indians scattered over Northern Wisconsin and numbering about 170 families with no reservation.

In the government schools rations are issued for the pupils consisting of the following articles in the quantities named per week:  Flour or corn meal, 110 pounds; beef and pork, 110 pounds; coffee (or 1 ½ pounds tea), 3 ½ pounds; sugar, 10 pounds; beans or hominy, 10 pounds; dried fruit, 10 pounds; syrup, 1 gallon; vinegar, 1 quart; salt, 4 pounds; pepper, 4 ounces; soap, 7 pounds; baking powder, 1 pound.  In addition to the above, milk, butter, eggs, garden vegetables, etc. produced on the school farms are supplied and used by the pupils, giving a good healthful bill of fare which is well cooked and attractively placed upon the tables by experienced cooks and assistants.  Changes in the bill of fare can be made by the superintendent, provided it involves no additional expense to the government.  Teachers and employees board at the schools and are allowed to purchase supplies at cost price, including transpiration. 

Plain, substantial and uniform clothing is furnished the pupils and each is given two suits, with an extra pair of trousers for the boys, and three dresses for the girls.  All are kept well mended and suffice for a year’s use, with a better suit for Sundays and holidays.  In addition, pupils are furnished with suitable underwear, nightclothes, handkerchiefs, over coats, cloaks, shoes, stockings, and overshoes.

The dormitories are furnished with pain substantial furniture, and supplied with necessary toilet articles, including soap, towels, mirrors, combs, hair, shoe, nail and tooth brushes and whisk brooms, which enable the pupils to form habits of personal neatness.

The requirements at the government contract schools are similar to those in the boarding schools.

Instruction in music is given in all of the schools, and there are at Keshena two good brass bands, the players in which are Indian pupils, who have been taught by Prof. Campbell.

The industrial teachers instruct the boys in farming, shoemaking, wagon work, blacksmithing, woodworking, etc.  The girls are instructed in dressmaking, sewing of every variety and housekeeping.

The government (not legible) at all schools is that the pupils have suitable mental, moral and industrial training with wholesome food, suitable clothing, sufficient warmth and good water; also that sanitary laws and regulations are complied with and that the buildings shall be kept in good repair, properly heated, lighted, ventilated and well cared for, and medical attendance and supervision provided.

In 1865, it was uncommon to hear an Indian—man, woman or child—speak English; now nearly the entire tribe, except the older Indians, speak English fluently.

Some Important Events in the History Of Wittenberg
Wittenberg Enterprise, June 24, 1909
Graduation Address of Miss Ida Hitzke

Wittenberg is distinguished from all other towns of it size because of the number and importance of its religious and public institutions; and it is to a few facts concerning their founding and subsequent development that I wish to call your attention.

In 1880 Rev. Homme came to what is now Wittenberg, which event happened in the following way.  The Norwegian Synod, to which Rev. Homme belonged at that time, had for several years discussed the great need for a home for orphaned children and homeless old people, as no such institution existed among the Norwegian Lutherans of America.  Rev. Homme declared his willingness to take the lead in this move towards establishing such a home, on the condition he be at liberty to select the place for it.  To this the Synod agreed, and they also promised to lend their support to every honest means he might make use of in furthering the cause.  Rev. Homme immediately petitioned the railroad company asking that the station, which was then in contemplation of establishment, might be called Wittenberg, to which the railroad company responded favorably.  The railroad at that time had not reached this far, and the whole region about was a dark and lonely wilderness, devoid of the habitation of man.

The following year 1881, Rev. Homme built his residence and moved his family here in November.  By August 28, 1882, the Orphans’ Home was completed and on that day was opened with the enrollment of four children and one aged man.  During the next summer, 1883, Rev. Homme built a second building, a school house, for the use of the Orphans.  This institution was located on Blocks 30 and 31, in the southern part of the village.

Rev. Homme came to Wittenberg a poor man, yet fearlessly and hopefully built and equipped a home, that furnished a retreat for so many homeless boys and girls which he soon began to realize was too small for his philanthropic purpose.  Securing a tract of three hundred sixty acres of heavily timbered land on the Embarrass River one and one-half miles from Wittenberg, he there established a fine water power and erected a saw-mill.  He soon began the erection of the new Orphans’ Home, which was completed in 1896.  It will accommodate two hundred children, has an excellent school, and a select library.  The old Orphans’ Home was converted into a Home for the Aged.

In 1889, a number of German Lutheran clergymen resolved to forma an association for the purpose of establishing a High School for the congregations in this section of the State.  Rev. Homme was a member of this association.  The German brethren decided to locate their high school in the same place Mr. Homme had built his Orphans’ Home.  The same fall of 1883, the German Lutheran clergymen had their High School building completed, and school began on 1st of September.  After a course of six months, however, the building was consumed by fire, and the school resumed in Rev. Homme’s Orphans’ Home.  In the summer of 1884 the building was rebuilt, but the school was not continued.  It was converted into what used to be the German Lutheran Orphans Home.  In the year 1899, the children were taken to a Home in Milwaukee.  The present Wittenberg Academy was incorporated in the summer of 1901, with E. J. Onstad as principal, Rev. Randt, assistant, and eight pupils.  Inauspicious as this may have seemed, the school has, however, experienced a steady and healthy growth, which is both encouraging and gratifying to its friends and promoters.  In 1904, a music department was added, which together with the other courses now offered, shows to what extent the aims and purpose of its founders have been realized.

On June 11, 1882, a Norwegian Lutheran congregation was formed.  The first trustees of the congregation were Andrew Gunderson, Henry Westgor and Albert Dahl.  The minister serving this congregation was Rev. Homme.

In 1882, on motion of Rev. Homme, a committee was appointed by the Norwegian Synod to investigate what could be done in regard to the founding of an Indian Mission in this vicinity.  As the Synod did not take any steps to realize the Mission, the committee went to work independently to establish an Indian Mission.  It selected a place three and one half miles west of the village.  In the fall of 1884 a small school was established and engaged a teacher.  In 1885, the mission school was moved nearer to town, and Rev. Larson of Minnesota was chosen principal of the Mission school.  Rev. Homme made an application to the National Government for pecuniary aid for the school, which was complied with. In 1887 the Norwegian Synod obtained full possession of the mission, and continued it until the year 1895, when the school was leased by the Government.  In the year 1900, the Government purchased the school.

Wittenberg was no sooner founded than the people dreamed it necessary to have a public school, and in the fall of 1881, the first school house was completed.  The school house which was built is now part of Dr. Puchner’s office, and in it the fall term began with Miss Root as teacher and an enrollment of about ten children.  The school was held in this building until there was need for more room, when a larger school house was erected.  At present this building is used as our village hall.  But in time this building was too small to accommodate all the children, so the larger pupils were taught in the building which as present is the town hall.  In the year 1897, part of our present school building was erected.  At the time it was built, it was thought to be large enough to accommodate all the children for many years; but it was not, and in 1904 an addition was built, which makes our public school one of the best, largest, up to date schools in any town or village its size in northern Wisconsin.  It was in 1899 that a High School was organized and a three-year English course was begun with Mr. P. F. Dolan as principal.   In 1901, under the principalship of M. B. Franklin, a four-year course was organized, and in 1904, under Principal E. A. Ketcham, the German and Latin courses were added.  It became necessary in 1906 to eliminate the Latin and remodel the English and German courses.  The High school was then placed upon the list of schools accredited at the University of Wisconsin, and this event speaks well for pupils, teachers, equipment and progress of our public school.  The high School now offers three years German, there work in mathematics, physics, history, geography, book-keeping, and English; has a splendid laboratory well equipped for science work and a library of about one thousand select volumes of reference, fiction and poetry.

Such is the history of the movements which have made Wittenberg known in many states of the Union.  May we be blest in the future as we have in the past by many public-spirited men and women.  May the wheels of progress continue to turn with regularity and decision.

SPERBERG BROTHERS INSTRUMENTAL IN NAME TEXAS SCHOOL Submitted to Deb Walsh by Audrey (Buettner) Sperberg
November 2001 - print source and date unknown 
The three Sperberg brothers, Ludwig, William, and Herman, lived near the Opperman Bridge. The bothers decided to go to the state of Texas and sold their farms. However, instead of moving to Texas they bought farms near the reservation line and named the road, the Texas Road.

The children from this area attended the Red River School until it became too crowed. Residents in the locality offered to buy Paul Martens, Sr. a new hat if he would get a new district organized. Mr. Martens got his hat and in 1908 a school was built on property of Henry Korth and it was named the Texas School. Miss Eunice Ainsworth (Gueths), mother of Everett Gueths, a member of Jt. Dist. #8 Board of Education, was the first teacher. Miss Ainsworth drove 5 miles every morning and night with horse and buggy. She left the horse in the neighbor's barn and walked the rest of the way to school.

There were 53 pupils attending the school. Some of the first students were William Kumm, Martha Kumm, Eric Kumm, Erna Buettner, Max Martens, Phoebe Martens, Ben Martens, Ruth Martens, Herman Martens, Paul Martens, Erna Martens, Flora Martens, Marie Martens, Henry Martens, Louis Sperberg, Alfred Sperberg, Lavina Sperberg, Alice Sperberg, Evelyn Moede, Clara Moede, Elsie Moede, Henry Kroenke, John Kroenke, Ella Kroenke, Art Kroenke, Theodore Martzke, Hubert Martzke, Linda Martzke, Bill Martzke, Edward Martzke, Alfred Martzke, Minnie Martzke, Hatie Zimdars, Elsie Zimdars, Fred Kosbab, Ella Ziemer, Ida Ziemer, Harvey Pieper, Walter Pieper, Adolph Pieper, Mabel Pieper, Fred Pieper, John Pieper, Alfred Wendorf, George Nuske, Dora Nuske, Stella Nuske and Erna Ziemer.

This information was compiled by Mrs. Isabell Stuber, teacher at the Texas School, with the help of Mrs. Otto Habeck, Mrs. Paul Martens and John Kroenke.

Shawano Leader, July 13, 1922

Next Sunday the Lutheran St. Paul’s Congregation at Stony Hill, six miles west of Shawano, will lay the corner stone of its new church edifice.  The Reverend M. Treff of Amherst, Wisconsin, a former pastor of the congregation, will preach the sermon.  The service will begin at 10 o’clock.

In the afternoon at 2:30, the fiftieth anniversary of the congregation will be celebrated in a special jubilee service which will be held in the park of the congregation and will be conducted by the Reverend H. A. Handrich of Luxembourg, Wisconsin.

Since its organization in 1872 the St. Paul’s congregation has grown from four families to 43 voting and 151 communicant members and 259 souls.  During the past 50 years it has been served by the following pastors:  Rev. Dieke (1872 – 1880), Rev. C. Ebert (1880 – 1882), Rev. W. Hudtloff (1882 – 1893), Rev. Uplegger (1893), Rev. M. Treff (1893 – 1907). Rev. K. Rose (1907 – 1909), Rev. T. Fiess (1909 – 1919), Rev. A. F. Ramlow (1920 - ).

All friends of the church are cordially invited to join in this double celebration.  A light luncheon will be served free of charge and the customary refreshments may be had at moderate prices.

Shawano Journal - June 21, 1928

Her folks brought up river in scow poled by five native Indians.

The Rotary Club listened to a talk Monday under conditions that very few clubs have had the honor of experiencing.  The speech was made by a lady ninety years old.  Grandma Winans gave the story of her life and some of the early history of Shawano county.  She is the oldest living pioneer and when she goes much of the early lore will go with her.

She was born in a small town in Indiana in 1839.  In 1851 her grandfather was appointed Indian agent at Keshena.  A year later, the grandfather sent for Mrs. Winan’s father, Julius Murray.  The father came to Keshena and he with Mr. Tourtillot, father of James, built the three first houses on what is now the main street of Keshena.  It so happens that Mrs. Winans is living in one of those houses now.

In 1853 Mr. Murray went back to Indiana to get the family.  He hired a man with a covered wagon to make the trip as far as Sheboygan.  They came through Chicago, which wasn’t any bigger than Oshkosh is now.  They got to Sheboygan in due time and sent the covered wagon back to Indiana and went to Fond du Lac by stage.  They got a steamboat, which brought them to New London.  At New London they waited two days for five Indians who came down from Keshena after them.

These five Indians put their goods and all the family into a big scow and poled the boat up river.  A day out from New London there came up a big storm.  The mother of the family had a baby four weeks old besides four other little children.  The party was drenched to the skin.  But in spite of being alone out in the woods, the Indians knew just how to manipulate and soon had a fire and everybody dried out.

They poled the scow to Keshena where the family landed just seventy-five years ago.  The next spring the family came to Shawano.  The hotel was run by a man named Maxfield.  There were only four families in the town.  In 1855 Hiram Wescott built the old Wescott House that was so important to early Shawano history.  In 1854 there was a Fourth of July celebration in Shawano and there were just enough people to make two sets for the square dances.  There were just two fiddlers north of Oshkosh.

Mrs. Winans was married in 1857 and for more than fifty years she and her husband and family lived in the Winans home just across the river.

She taught school for one year in the school of the section located near the town line bridge.  A stump left in the ground and protruding up through the floor, constituted the teacher’s desk.  She had seven pupils.  She showed an old school register for the year 1857.  We noted that the name Wescott came quite frequently in the pupil list.

Mrs. Winans showed a journal from the first Shawano store.  The book is seventy-eight years old.  The entries are simple, mostly for socks, corn meal, flour, pork, tobacco, and pipes.  There were frequent entries for candle wicking.

The speaker said that Shawano county was organized for judicial purposes in the fall of 1854.  Her father, Julius Murray, was the first register of deeds, Edward f. Sawyer, first surveyor, Dr. John Wiley was first Treasurer, and James Grimmer, first justice of the peace.

The club sang Auld Lang Syne and When You and I Were Young, Maggie, for the speaker.

Marinette Star, December 29, 1924
Clintonville, Wisconsin -- On Friday, the Bethlehem Lutheran congregation of Pella, celebrated the 65th anniversary of its founding.  This church was founded by Charles Klebeshdel, a pioneer teacher and missionary of the Lutheran faith when Pella was wilderness.  Ten families constituted the original organization.  During the 65 years of its existence this church has been served by but four pastors, the Rev. Mr. Dicke, the Rev. latter has served this congregation Mr. Barth, the Rev. Mr. Schwan and the Rev. Mr. Stoubenvoll. The for 33 years.  During this period he has baptized 547 children, confirmed 564 people, married 157 couples and conducted 148 funerals.  The first child baptized in the new church was Mary Moldenhouer who still lives in the community.

The name of the town which centers around this church, Pella, is of biblical origin and means “Refuge”.  It was given to the community by Mr. Klebesadel, who organized the church.  The Rev. Mr. Steubenvoll, the present pastor is a vigorous type of man, well-known not only among the clergy but also as an enthusiastic hunter and fisherman.